Civil War Enlisted Rank

 

   
Corporal
Sergeant
First Sergeant
     
     
Quartermaster Sergeant
Sergeant Major
Service Stripes - One strip for 5 years of service. Red strip for wartime service.

Civil War Officer Rank

 

   

The below Shoulder Straps are shown with the Blue background representing the Infantry Branch. Other branch colors are:

Yellow - Cavalry  
Red - Artillery  
Black - Staff  
     
Second Lieutenant
First Lieutenant
Captain
   
Major
Lieutenant Colonel
Colonel
   
Brigadier General
Major General
Lieutenant General
 
Only General Grant (March 1864) was appointed to this grade